This valley is situated near Yesilhisar in the province of Kayseri, 40 km southeast of Urgup, and 25 km to the east of Derinkuyu. Fractures and collapses during earthquakes have added to erosion resulting in deep valleys and canyons. Soganli valley,which is divided into two has been occupied since the Roman period. The rock cones fonud on the sides of the valley were used a graves by the Romans, and later as churches by the Byzantines. The frescoes in the church date back to the 9th and 13 th centuries. Impartont churches in the valley are Karabas, Yilanli, Kubbeli and the Church of St.Barbara (Tahtali).
This is fonud on theright side of the valley. Besides the church, graves, large vaulted chapels, and priests’ rooms can be found in this rock mass.The church has one nave, one apse, and a barrel vaulted ceiling. The 11th century church was painted at varying times, using different techniques.
Scenes: Deesis, Annuncition, Nativity, Presentation of Jesus in the Temple, Transfiguration, Missions of the apostles, Crucifixion, Anastasis, Ascension and portraits of saints.
This lies to the north of the village, on the left of the valley. Fine carving has created domes from the rock, and the work on the side walls resembles pointing. The church, with its domes, vaults and apses, displays advanced architectural techniques. The church of basilica style has three apses and three naves. The church is dated to the beginning of the 10th century.
Scenes : on the main apse Prophetic Vision; on the side apse Deesis, on the vault Massacre of the Innocents, Pursuit of Elizabeth, Annunciation, Visitation, Proof of the Virgni, Hativity, Adoration of the Magi, Flight into Egypt, Presentation in the Temple, Killing of Zacharias, Calling of John, John meeting Christ, Preaching of John, Baptism, Christ and Zacharias, Marrige at Cana, Miracle of the Wine, Jesus and the Samaritan Woman, Entry into Jerusalem, Healing of the Nobleman’s Daughter and portraits of the saints.
Tahtali Church (Of St.Barbara)
This church lies at the end of the valley to the west of the village. The single-apsed, single-naved church is barrel vaulted. The vault is divided into two with a projecting line. The church is dated to the beginning of the 10th centruy and interesting due to the presence of many portraits of saints.
Scenes : On the apse Prophetic Vision, on the vault Deesis, Annunciation, Visitation, Proof of the Virgin, Journey to Bethlehem, Nativity, Anastasis, Seven Sleepers and portraits of the saints.